The shoulder is a complex structure yet the most mobile joint in the body. Its three bones; the humerus (upper arm bone), scapula (shoulder blade) and the clavicle (collar bone) are surrounded by several tendons, muscles, joints and ligaments, which allows for great mobility of the arm. When shoulder pain develops, common causes may include but are not limited to:
- Shoulder Impingement: A condition caused by irritation of the tendons in the rotator cuff.
- Rotator Cuff Tear: A tear that affects the tendon rather than the muscles that often occurs during a trauma, such as a fall or accident or in a lifting movement.
- Frozen Shoulder: Also referred to as adhesive capsulitis, frozen shoulder syndrome involves a painful stiff shoulder with inflammation that results in the tightening of soft tissue around the shoulder joint.
- Shoulder Fracture: A condition where the bone becomes partially or totally cracked.
- Shoulder Dislocation: This condition occurs when of the ball of the humerus pops out of the shoulder socket.
- Shoulder Separation: Is a condition that separates the joints of the collar bone from the shoulder blade.
- Arthritis of the Shoulder: A degenerative disease that causes deterioration to the cartilage (osteoarthritis) or inflammation of the joints (rheumatoid arthritis).
- Rotator Cuff Disease (Tendinitis and Bursitis): Tendinitis and bursitis are closely related. They can occur alone or in a combination.
- Tendinitis is caused by inflammation of a tendon. Typically the rotator cuff and/or the biceps tendon are often the cause of the tendinitis.
- Bursitis is the inflammation of the bursa. The bursa is a sac filled with lubricating fluid that decreases irritation (rubbing and friction) between the tissues such as bone, muscle, tendons, and skin.
- Shoulder Pain and Instability: Shoulder pain can be caused by instability of the shoulder joint. The instability is often caused by the ligaments or labrum being stretched, torn or detached causing the ball of the shoulder joint to move partially or completely out of the shoulder socket.
If you are experiencing shoulder discomfort or pain, the seven orthopedic surgeons at Hand to Shoulder Center of Wisconsin are here for you. Please feel free to contact us today to schedule a consultation with our experts.